How to lose weight with diabetes

Diabetes dictates its own rules. And if the doctor says that you need to lose weight - do not look for arguments in defense of excess weight. Because it is, he who is the main factor complicating the course of the disease. And everyone who has not yet been diagnosed with diabetes, but who has excess weight and elevated sugar levels, must remember: to lose weight means minimizing the risk of developing the disease. But what about the established opinion that it is almost impossible to lose weight for a patient with diabetes? Fortunately, this is not so. Another thing is that you need to lose weight with diabetes competently and do it under strict medical supervision.

Diabetes is different - the problems are the same. Diets for patients with type1 and type2 diabetes are different since the causes of the development of diseases are different. Type 1 diabetes mellitus (DM 1) develops either up to 30 years or after 60 years against the background of a unique genetic predisposition under the influence of external factors (for example, viral infection, stress, autoimmune diseases). The primary treatment for diabetes 1 is insulin therapy. Recall that only carbohydrates increase blood sugar, and it is they that must be taken into account in the diet to calculate the dose of insulin, and calorie content is not so relevant.
One of the symptoms of type 1 diabetes is weight loss, so when we talk about obesity as a pathological factor in the clinical picture of diabetes, we often mean type2 diabetes. And is divided into type 2 diabetes and overweight and type2 diabetes without obesity. Most patients with this type of diabetes are obese.

The reason for the development of type 2 diabetes is that cells, due in no small amount of adipose tissue, poorly absorb insulin. Insulin affects the permeability of the cell membrane and its ability to conduct glucose. The cell does not open to interacting with insulin, so glucose from the blood cannot fully penetrate inside. Because of this, blood glucose levels remain elevated. In the treatment of type 2 diabetes, a low-calorie diet with a restriction of fats and easily digestible carbohydrates is indicated. It is essential here that complex weight loss with the use of fat-burning components and effects on carbohydrate metabolism.

The main goal of weight loss is the regulation of pancreatic function, the correction of carbohydrate metabolism, and the reduction of blood sugar. Well, the coveted harmony is just a nice bonus. For those losing weight with diabetes, the standard set of measures with fitness and diet should be adjusted and supplemented. In this case, it is desirable to influence the body from all possible directions and use all the factors that can affect weight change. Getting easier is a difficult task. Why is it so difficult for those who are diagnosed with diabetes to lose weight?

Blood sugar level depends on the number of carbohydrates consumed. Once the blood glucose level rises, the pancreas begins to produce a certain amount of insulin. When insulin enters the bloodstream, it increases the ability of tissues to absorb glucose, where it is either used or stored in “fat depots.” The increase in adipose tissue mass is one of the reasons for the deterioration of carbohydrate metabolism as a result of which the cells become insensitive to insulin.

Glucose in the blood remains elevated, its excess quickly clogs the walls of small vessels, blood vessels lose their elasticity, and stop doing their job. The tissues around them do not receive oxygen and nutrients from the blood and eventually die. The results of these processes are reduced vision, circulatory problems in the legs, issues from the kidneys, heart, and pancreas.
In fact, this is a vicious circle, and our task is to help the body break out of it.

Health arithmetic 

We should strive for a small but stable weight loss. Endocrinologists warn that with diabetes, it is strictly forbidden to use starving diets, they can have undesirable severe health consequences. Therefore, we must remember the rules, without which any food can become deadly.
Food should be regular, fractional, and five meals a day. It is better to eat every 3 hours, especially if you are taking sugar-lowering drugs. The basis of each meal should be high fiber foods and protein foods.

Harmony and balance 

At the same time, the body should receive all the vitamins and minerals it needs in sufficient quantities. And this is not so simple. Firstly, the number of vitamins and minerals in food is steadily decreasing. Iron, zinc, selenium, and iodine almost disappeared from the soil. But if there are no minerals in the ground, then in vegetables, they have nowhere to come from.
Secondly, with diabetes, the deficiency of vitamins and minerals increases gradually, and a low-calorie diet increases their lack.

Thirdly, some vitamins and minerals are destroyed by exposure to insulin. But it is they who participate in all the most important reactions that occur in the body. That is why the additional intake of vitamins and minerals in diabetes is not a whim, but an urgent need. Most often, patients with diabetes lack B vitamins, primarily B1, B2, B5, B6, lipoic acid, carotenoids, vitamins C, E, D, and K.
An additional intake of trace elements such as chromium, zinc, and selenium are also needed. Chromium and zinc are involved in the complex process of synthesis of insulin in the tissues of the pancreas.

The leading role of chromium in the body is maintaining a reasonable level of glucose in the blood. It improves glucose transport into the cell, restores tissue sensitivity to insulin, and enhances the conversion of glucose to glycogen. Chromium is involved in the transport of proteins, normalizes carbohydrate metabolism, and helps maintain a healthy weight. It is also vital that it normalizes the function of the thyroid gland and stimulates the regeneration processes. In the presence of insulin chromium, the body needs less. With a long course of diabetes, the content of selenium in the blood also decreases, which can increase the susceptibility to infectious diseases.

How to lose weight with diabetes
How to lose weight with diabetes

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